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The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants.The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. According to Chaudhary et. Varietas Ficus serupa meliputi Microcarpa, Tigerbark, daun Willow, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, dan Taiwan. The tree develop a large and distinctive woody basal caudex in early age why it is great to be trained as bonsai. 1888, non Thunb. India 5: 511. Ficus retusa is one of the trees most often used to grow bonsai.. Key facts about Ficus retusa. The Indian laurel, tree of the family of Moraceae native to southeastern Asia and Australia, is characterized by the smoothness of the trunk and its large size. Members of this genus are difficult to distinguish by their flowers, but can be differentiated by habit, whether they are banyans or not, by leaf shape, and by their fruits ( Whistler, 2000 ). Ficus retusa L. Moraceae. Ficus retusa. Author: Auct. Yang paling populer untuk Bonsai adalah Ficus Retusa. The Ficus ginseng has a rotund trunk that bears a resemblance to the ginseng root, while the Ficus retusa has a curvy trunk which sometimes mimics the shape of a letter ‘S’. Ficus, genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Luigi Crespi, the founder of the Crespi Bonsai Musuem, spent ten years trying to gain ownership of the bonsai tree and he succeeded in 1986. Kita tahu bahwa mungkin ada antara 800 dan 2.000 spesies berbeda. These leaves come to a point at the tip, helping rainwater to drip off in their natural habitat. Family:Moraceae.. Synonyms:Ficus microcarpa,Ficus nitida. f., Fl. The Indian laurel, tree of the family of Moraceae native to southeastern Asia and Australia, is characterized by the smoothness of the trunk and its large size. In the wild, this type of ficus is a robust and hardy plant. The rubber tree, or Ficus elastica, is a very beautiful indoor plant much liked for its shiny thick leathery leaves.. Ficus elastica facts. Habitat. Fig tree. Ficus is a large genus of about 800-1000 tree and shrub species native to the tropics and subtropics that are often cultivated beyond their native range for their fig fruits or as ornamentals. Water your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches (5.1 cm) down. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. The Indian materials are referred to F. microcarpa L. f. (Rao, 1986). The appearance of the upper surface of the leaves with 3 prominent sunken veins-the midrib and the paired basal veins is distinctive.. All photos by Ripin Forestry from the hutan kerangas near the town of Pontianank in West Kalimantan. If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. The bark color varies from light gray to brown with white stripes. Distribution and habitat: Ficus microcarpa is native in the range from Sri Lanka to India, Taiwan, the Malay Archipelago, the Ryukyu Islands, Australia, and New Caledonia. The so-called indoor trees are mostly trees from tropical origins, that do not support low temperatures. It is an interesting looking plant for a Bonsai, with narrow elevated roots that swell into a potbelly trunk and narrows at the branches before spreading out to the crown. In 1965, E. J. H. Corner described 6 varieties and two forms of Ficus microcarpa var. Note that F. bracteata (with very different large leaves) also has figs with distinctive sunken areas around the ostiole. Fig tree. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. Hill's Weeping Fig is a form of Ficus microcarpa. It often has air-roots. While most indoor bonsai need high humidity and plenty of light, the ficus, or fig plant, is a hardy and adaptable evergreen plant that can handle low humidity and less light than most. Bonsai forest. Scientific name: Ficus Retusa. MICROCARPA/ Chinese language Banyan Bears oval, shiny, dark-green leaves upto 10cm lengthy although these cut back with ease. There is differing information about the number of existing ficus species, there may be between 800 and 2000. Exposure – abundant indirect light Foliage – evergreen Watering – moderate Later he began to move to Bermuda and some tropical areas of the United States of America. Bonsai 20 years. Binnandijka is a very hardy ficus, it feels good both on the north window sill and in the middle of the room. Ginseng Ficus as a Bonsai. Pop name:Banyan Fig,Taiwan Ficus,Ginseng Ficus,Indian Laurel Fig. You can see a representative of this species on the photo: No less attractive not only the appearance, but also a way of their natural habitat is Ficus benghalensis. Ficus microcarpa has been described in 1782 by Carl Linnaeus the Younger.The species has a considerable number of synonyms. You will find hundreds of types of ficus as you begin searching for plants, but the best species for bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. Top of page G. ficorum breeds almost exclusively on the young leaves of Ficus microcarpa, of which F. nitida and F. retusa are synonyms (Mound et al., 1996), although adults may be collected from a wide range of other plants on which they have alighted casually. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix. Ficus retusa is part of group including F. spathulifolia and F. tristaniifolia all with similar small obovate leaves and found in similar poor soil and peat swamp habitat. Ficus microcarpa. Overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus. The Ginseng Ficus particularly is native to Southeast Asia. nitida sensu Hook. Douc langurs are mostly found in tropical rainforest and monsoon forest (both primary and secondary forest). This plant has a trunk that curves in an s-shape along with deep, dark green leaves that are oval-shaped. The Ficus is part of the Moraceae or Mulberry family and it grows throughout the tropical regions of the world. Ficus microcarpa. FICUS RETUSA VAR. Dark green leaves are typical on Ficus trees. Appreciated for its high resistance and the growth of air-roots giving great character. Ficus Retusa The ficus genus belongs to the family of mulberry plants (Moraceae) and is the most popular species for beginners at Bonsai. In its habitat it may grow 10-30 meters tall. The Ficus retusa Linn, which is found at the Crespi Bonsai Museum in Italy, is believed to be the oldest existing bonsai tree in the world at an estimated 1,000 years old. This evergreen leaf tree, is appreciated for its high resistance and the growth of air-roots giving great character. Exposure – abundant indirect light Foliage – evergreen. The plants are native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia. Ficus retusa L. Moraceae. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Whereas, Ficus microcarpa L.f. and Ficus retusa L. both are distinct species [according to TPL]. Initially, it grew in natural conditions only on the island of Borneo, located in Southeast Asia. Brit. Ficus microcarpa, or Ficus Green Island, is an evergreen tree belonging to the mulberry. Ficus microcarpa is known by many common names such as Plaksah (Sanskrit), Ithi, Ithiyal (Malayalam), Chinese Banyan, Indian laurel, shining leaved fig (English), etc.It is a Ficus species with few branches, and many adventitious roots growing downward. Growing ginseng ficus as a bonsai tree is a great idea for a hobby for yourself or as a gift for a fellow gardener. Ficus nitida Ficus regnans Ficus retusa Ficus retusiformis Ficus rubra Ficus thynneana Urostigma accedens Urostigma amblyphyllum. Height – 16 to 32 inches (40 to 80 cm) Soil – indoor plant soil mix, well drained Care – easy. Types of Ficus Bonsai Ficus Retusa. ficus retusa 'green island' /green island fig Variety of Ficus retusa that is often seen for sale, similar to previous species but is less tolerant to low light levels and … The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. We must place them indoors, always close to a source of natural light. Ginseng ficus (Ficus retusa) is one variety of this large group of fig trees. It is a tropical evergreen leaf tree. Ficus nitida Ficus regnans Ficus retusa Ficus retusiformis Ficus rubra Ficus thynneana Urostigma accedens Urostigma amblyphyllum. microcarpa [1] which were regarded as synonyms under the name of Ficus microcarpa in the latest Flora Malesiana volume. al, It is said that F. retusa L. is a native of Java and does not occur in India (database of Grin, Tropicos, eFloras and Berg and Corner (2005)). Distribution and habitat: Ficus microcarpa is native in the range from Sri Lanka to India, Taiwan, the Malay Archipelago, the Ryukyu Islands, Australia, and New Caledonia. Native to Southeast Asia, the ginseng ficus is also called banyan fig, Taiwan ficus… Family:Moraceae.. Synonyms:Ficus microcarpa,Ficus nitida. Name – Ficus retusa Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant, bonsai. Author: Auct. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). Ficus retusa is a small rare strangling fig found in areas of poor soils including peatswamp and kerangas (white sand) habitat in Kalimantan and Java.. Ficus petiolaris is commonly called rock fig, because it is often found growing in rocky areas where the roots stretch over rocks in search of rooting soil. Ficus retusa var. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Pop name:Banyan Fig,Taiwan Ficus,Ginseng Ficus,Indian Laurel Fig. Ficus retusa. Both can cause the leaves on your tree to drop. There are many varieties of ficuses to choose from, the most popular being the Ficus Benjamina and Ficus Retusa, and these beautiful trees can grow fruit in a wide range of colors. Ini sering dibentuk dengan batang melengkung “S” dan memiliki daun oval berwarna hijau tua. Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. 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